- (910-1171)The Fatimid dynasty ruled Ifriqya from 910 until their departure for Egypt in 973. The dynasty was founded by the Syrian Said Ibn Hussein, who later took the name `Ubayd Allah. `Ubayd Allah belonged to a militant branch of the Shi`a sect called Isma`ilis. Urged by `Ubayd Allah, the Kutama Berbers of eastern Algeria, who were disgruntled with the Aghlabid rule, acknowledged `Ubayda as the Mahdi (divinely guided one) and the caliph. The Aghlabids' defeat at the hands of the Kutama paved the way for `Ubayda Allah's rise to authority. The decision to name itself "Fatimid" indicated the dynasty's search for legitimacy by claiming descent from the Prophet Muhammad by way of his daughter Fatima Azzahra and her husband, Ali Ibn Abi Talib, who was the fourth caliph and cousin of the Prophet. Soon his control extended all over the Maghrib, which he governed from his newly founded capital, Mahdiya, named after him.Its rulers' choice of the title "caliph" reflected their wish to challenge the supremacy of the caliphs as the sole leaders of Islam. They launched attacks against Abbasid territories to the east. After several internal and external challenges, especially the Umayyad and their Zanata allies, the Zirids, in the 960s the Fatimids successfully entered Egypt, where they founded the city of al-Qahira (Cairo) in 969. They continued their conquest of the east until they ruled a vast realm stretching from Tunisia through Sicily to the Levant. In 1171, Salah al-Dine (Saladin) attached Egypt to the Abbasid caliphate, and Egypt returned to the Sunni realm of Islam, putting an end to the Fatimids.
Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . Hsain Ilahiane. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
FATIMIDS — FATIMIDS, Shi ite Muslim dynasty which ruled in egypt (969–1171), and in other parts of North Africa (tunisia , 909–1051), and the Near East (syria , 969–1076 and palestine , 969–1099). The Fatimids traced their ancestry to Fāṭima, the daughter … Encyclopedia of Judaism
THE FATIMIDS — • (MAHDIYA, THEN CAIRO, 909 1171) • Ubayd Allah al Mahdi Billah 909 934 • Muhammad al Qaim Bi Amrillah 934 946 • Isma il al Mansur Bi Nasrillah 946 952 • Ma ad al Muizz Li Deenillah 952 975 • Abu Mansoor Nizar al Aziz Billah 975 996 • Husayn al… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
History of medieval Tunisia — The present day Republic of Tunisia, al Jumhuriyyah at Tunisiyyah , has over ten million citizens, almost all of Arab Berber descent. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north and east, Libya to the southeast, and Algeria to the west. Tunis is the… … Wikipedia
Fatimid Caliphate — Fatimid Islamic Caliphate الدولة الفاطمية al Fāṭimiyyūn ← … Wikipedia
North Africa — North African. the northern part of Africa, esp. the region north of the tropical rain forest and comprised of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and that part of Egypt west of the Gulf of Suez. * * * Introduction region of Africa comprising … Universalium
Islamic arts — Visual, literary, and performing arts of the populations that adopted Islam from the 7th century. Islamic visual arts are decorative, colourful, and, in religious art, nonrepresentational; the characteristic Islamic decoration is the arabesque.… … Universalium
Islāmic world — Introduction prehistory and history of the Islamic community. Adherence to Islām is a global phenomenon: Muslims predominate in some 30 to 40 countries, from the Atlantic to the Pacific and along a belt that stretches across northern… … Universalium
Fāṭimid dynasty — (909–1171) Ismāʽīli Shīʽite dynasty of North Africa and the Middle East. Its members traced their descent from Fātimah, a daughter of the Prophet Muhammad. As Shīʽite Muslims, they opposed the Sunnite caliphate of the Abbāsid dynasty, which they… … Universalium
Mirdasids — The Mirdasid dynasty was a dynasty that controlled the Amirate of Aleppo more or less continuously from 1024 until 1080. General DescriptionThe Mirdasids were members of the Banu Kilabi, an Arab tribe that had been present in northern Syria for… … Wikipedia
Egypt — /ee jipt/, n. 1. Arab Republic of. a republic in NE Africa. 64,791,891; 386,198 sq. mi. (1,000,252 sq. km). Cap.: Cairo. Arabic, Misr. Formerly (1958 71), United Arab Republic. 2. an ancient kingdom in NE Africa: divided into the Nile Delta… … Universalium