`Abd al-Mu'min

   His full name is Ibn `Ali Ibn `Alawi Ibn Ya`laa al-Kumi, and he was the first ruler of the Almohad Empire (1133-1161), which he built up from the politicoreligious community founded in the Atlas Mountains by his teacher, the religious reformer Ibn Tumart. `Abd al-Mu'min was born in a village in the vicinity of Tlemcen (western Algeria), the country of the Kumya member tribe of the Berber Zanata confederation. While still a youth, he left his home to study in the Arab East (al-Mashriq) at the renowned seats of religious learning, and he joined Ibn Tumart when he heard him preaching around Bougie. He remained his master's most devoted disciple who shared in all his wanderings westward and together with him rallied under the Almohad flag of the Masmuda tribes of the Atlas, calling them to the holy war against the Almoravid Empire. He was closest to Ibn Tumart, and it was he whom the Mahdi Ibn Tumart shortly before his death instituted as his successor (1130). Having brought under his sway, in a struggle of about 20 years, the whole of Morocco and western Algeria, Abd al-Mu'min carried the holy war into Spain and eastern Algeria and Tunisia, where the Zirid and Hammadid emirs at al Mahdiya and Bougie defended their shrinking realms with little hope for survival against the pressure of Arab Bedouin tribes and the Normans of Sicily. As Amir al-Mu'minin (Commander of the Faithful), the secular and spiritual head of the state, he elaborated for the requirements of an empire the system of public administration, devised by Ibn Tumart and founded on a combination of tribal institutions, a sort of religious hierarchy and military structure, with governors of the provinces and larger towns selected from among his own or Abu Hasf 'Umar's clans. Everywhere a network of missionaries spread and kept alive the tenets of the Almohad faith and the principles of the theocratic movement that rested on it. He left one of the most powerful, large, and solidly institutionalized empires in the history of the Maghrib. He died in 1161 and was buried in Jbal Tinmal beside the tomb of Ibn Tumart.

Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . . 2014.

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  • Abd al-Mu'min — (‏عبد المؤمن‎, DMG ʿAbdu l Muʾmin; * 1094; † 1163) war erster Kalif der Almohaden (1130–1163). Abd al Mu min ibn Ali ibn Makluf ibn Dschala al Chumi entstammte einem Zanatastamm aus der Gegend von Tlemcen. 1117 schloss er sich in Bidschaya Ibn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ‘ABD AL-MU’MIN — (entre 1094 et 1106 1163) Propagateur d’un mouvement qui provoquera une révolution sans précédent dans l’histoire de l’Occident de l’islam, créateur d’un empire et d’une dynastie, revendiqué comme héros national par l’Algérie nouvelle, ‘Abd al… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abd al-Mu'min — (1094–1163) also known as Abdelmoumen El Goumi (Arabic: ‏عبد المؤمن بن علي or عبد المومن الــكـومي‎, Tifinagh: ⵄⴰⴱⴷ ⵍⵎⵓⵎⵏ ⵍⴳⵓⵎⵉ) was a Zenata Berber prominent member of the Almohad movement. He became the first Caliph of the Almohad Empire… …   Wikipedia

  • Abd al-Mu'min — Abd al Mumin  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différentes personnes partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Abd. Abd al Mumin (1100 1163), disciple de Ibn Tûmart, fondateur et 1er calife de la dynastie des Almohades …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abd al-Mu'min — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Abd Al Mumin Obtenido de Abd al Mu%27min …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abd al-Muʾminʿ — ▪ Almohad caliph Introduction in full  ʿAbd al Muʾmin ibn ʿAli  born c. 1094, Tagra, Kingdom of the Ḥammādids died 1163, Rabat, Almohad Empire       Berber caliph of the Almohad (Almohads) dynasty (reigned 1130–63), who conquered the North… …   Universalium

  • Abd al-Mu'min el Kumi — Abd al Mumin (Almohades) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Abd al Mumin. Abdul Mu min ben Alī al Kūmī ou Abd al Mu min ben Alī al Kūmī ou Abdelmoumen ( عبد المؤمن بن علي الكومي en arabe), né vers 1100 à Nedroma et décédé en 1163 à Salé, est un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abd Al-Mu'min Ibn Yusuf Ibn Fakhir — connu sous d autres formes patronymiques comme entre autres Safi al din ; Safiouddin al Ourmaoui ; al Urmawi est un luthier d Urmia en Perse vers 1250. Il est connu à Bagdad comme musicien, érudit en musicologie et bibiliothécaire sous… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abd al-Mu'min ibn Yusuf ibn Fakhir — connu sous d autres formes patronymiques comme entre autres Safi al din ; Safiouddin al Ourmaoui ; al Urmawi est un luthier d Urmia en Perse vers 1250. Il est connu à Bagdad comme musicien, érudit en musicologie et bibiliothécaire sous… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ʽAbd al-Muʾmin ibn ʽAlī — <>ʽ<>Abd al Mu<>ʾ<>min ibn <>ʽ<>Alī (1094, Tāgrā, reino de los FONT face=TahomaḤammādíes–1163, Rabat, Imperio almohade). Califa bereber (1130–63) de la dinastía almohade. Hacia 1117 cayó bajo el dominio de Ibn Tūmart,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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