- Its Arabic name is al-dhahir al-barbari, a stillmuch-debated decree to innovate the system of jurisdiction in Morocco, promulgated by Sultan Muhammad V on 16 March 1930 at the suggestion of the French resident general, Lucien Saint. It instituted for the Berber country the administration of justice according to its tribal customary law by local assemblies (jama`a), as opposed to shari`a, in all matters of personal status, inheritance, and civil or commercial litigation and established the competence of French law in criminal cases. Claiming to protect the Berber way of life, it was in fact a colonial tool to debilitate the Arab urban nationalist feelings and did not escape the severe criticism of political and academic groups in France. In Morocco, it evoked sharp reactions by the men of religion as an act that excluded Muslims from the Law of Allah such as it was laid in the Qur'an, and others saw it as a process of de-Islamization and conversion to Christianity. Violent attacks on the Dahir were launched by young urban bourgeois nationalists and in the mosques, mainly in Fès, Rabat, and Salé. A delegation of `ulama-notables, men of letters, artisans, and farmers-submitted to the sultan a petition demanding the abrogation of the Dahir, reestablishment of the unified judicial system, discontinuation of Christian missionary activities, and institution of Arabic as the official language and the general language of education. These activities found a loud echo inside and outside Morocco. In 1934, another Dahir partly restored the role of shari`a. Otherwise, the Berber Dahir remained in force until it was repealed by the Moroccan government after the achievement of independence. Its historic significance, however, was that it gave birth to currents of resistance against the French policies and Moroccan nationalism and has been used to justify the Arabization drive that swept much of North African policymaking after independence, doing damage to Berber culture and language.
Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . Hsain Ilahiane. 2014.
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Berber Dahir — The so called Berber Dahir is a dahir (decree) created by French protectorate in Morocco in May 16, 1930. It was an adaptation of Berber Justice to the conditions of the time.BackgroundThe colonial project falls under the thought of Louis… … Wikipedia
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Berber Policy — This policy refers to a series of measures taken by the French in Algeria from 1890 to 1930 and in the Protectorate of Morocco from 1913 to 1934 to implement the system of education, the organization of justice, and the reform of the jama a… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
Moroccan Dahir — For other uses, see Dahir (disambiguation). A Dahir (Arabic: ظهير) is a Moroccan King s decree. List of Dahirs August 12, 1913 Criminal proceedings March 11, 1915 Education  November 17, 1915 Creation of the 5 branch Seal of Solomon Flag of… … Wikipedia
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List of Morocco-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Morocco. You can also visit . Art Architecture * Menara gardens * Moroccan style * Riad (Morocco) * Tadelakt * Zellige Cinematography * * Casablanca (film) * Marock * Morocco (1930 Movie) * List of foreign… … Wikipedia
Introduction — Although the Berbers form sizable populations in North Africa and the Sahel, they have been reduced to a minority within their respective home states. Berbers are the ancient inhabitants of North Africa, but rarely have they formed an actual… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
Chronology — ♦ 7000 5000 B.C. Capsian civilization; emergence of proto Mediterranean peoples, ancestors of the Berbers. ♦ 6000 2000 B.C. Neolithic period in the Maghreb and the Sahara. ♦ 3300 B.C. Egyptian archeological records refer to a battle between the… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
Languages — The term for the Berber language today is Tamazight, and the name of Berber speakers is Imazighen. The term Imazighen refers to the free, noble, and indigenous inhabitants of the historic Tamazgha, or Berber homeland, stretching east to west… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
Tifinagh — This term refers to the Berber alphabet, and it is related to the ancient Libyan alphabet, which dates back to the fourth century B.C. Archaeological evidence from Tassili n Ajjer in the Ahaggar and from Thugga in Tunisia (today Dougga) shows… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)