Barghwata

   One of the strong historic Berber confederations of tribes in Morocco, a member of the Masmuda confederation. They lived in the area of Tamasna on the Atlantic coast between Salé and Safi. In the middle of the eighth century, they built up a theocratic state that lasted for about 400 years. Its origin dates to a revolt (740-742) led by Barghwata, Maknassa, and Mtaghra under the leadership of a Kharejite Berber, Maysara al-Mathaghri, a water carrier in al-Qayrawan. The rebels conquered Tangier and in the Battle of the Nobles inflicted a decisive defeat on the caliph's troops. The revolt was suppressed, but one of Maysara's closest companions, Salih Ibn Tarif (749-795), claimed prophecy for himself. Others hold that it was Yunus Ibn Ilias who made such a claim for himself. Accordingly, claiming that he had hidden knowledge to divulge, Yunus announced that his forefather Salih was the prophet of the Berbers and that his name appeared in the "Qur'an of Muhammad" as "Salih of the true believers" in Surat al-Tahrim. He composed the Qur'an in the Berber language for his people and imposed his religion on them by force. The Qur'an has 80 suras, or chapters. It was announced and believed that the one to whom the Berber Qur'an was revealed was the Mahdi, Salih Ibn Tarif. Historical documentation shows that the Barghwata preserved the Islamic punishment of stoning for adultery but allowed men to marry more than four wives. They changed the Islamic practices in prayer, fasting, and food taboos but enforced their religious principles with strictness. Through their heretical religious system, the Barghwata isolated themselves until they were wiped out by the Almoravids in the middle of the 11th century.

Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . . 2014.

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  • Barghwata — Berghouata Berghouata ou Barghawata fut un émirat berbère fondé en 744 dans la région de Tamesna (l actuel Chaouia) par Tarif ben Chimon un juif de la région qui se proclama prophète et créa une nouvelle doctrine religieuse qui s inspire un peu… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Barghawata — Infobox Former Country native name = conventional long name = Barghawata Confederacy common name = Barghawata Confederacy national motto = continent = Africa region = North Africa country = Morocco era = Middle Ages status = government type =… …   Wikipedia

  • Chronology — ♦ 7000 5000 B.C. Capsian civilization; emergence of proto Mediterranean peoples, ancestors of the Berbers. ♦ 6000 2000 B.C. Neolithic period in the Maghreb and the Sahara. ♦ 3300 B.C. Egyptian archeological records refer to a battle between the… …   Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)

  • Histoire du Maroc — Antiquité …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • HISTORY bibliography — General ■ Abun Nasr, Jamil M. History of the Maghrib. 2nd rev. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975. ■ Ajayi, J. F. A, and Michael Crowder. History of West Africa. 2 vols. London: Longman Group, 1971, 1974. ■ Akkache, A. Tacfarinas.… …   Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)

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  • Abdella Ibn Yassin — Abdullah Ibn Yassin Abdullah Ibn Yassin, natif de Tiznit, est le fondateur et le leader spirituel de la dynastie des Almoravides. Vers 1050, alors qu il était simple étudiant en religion musulmane à Kairouan (Tunisie), il prit la décision de se… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abdullah Ibn Yassin — Abdullah Ibn Yassin, natif du Souss (Maroc), est le leader spirituel de la dynastie des Almoravides[1]. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Voir aussi 2.1 Liens int …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abou Bakr Ben Omar — Abu Bakr Ibn Omar Abu Bakr Ibn Omar (en arabe : أبو بكر بن عمر) (mort vers 1088) était chef des Almoravides. Il est originaire de la tribu berbère des Lemtuna, faisant partie de la confédération Sanhadja. En 1054, il est émir de l Adrar… …   Wikipédia en Français

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