Augustine

(Aurelius Augustinus)
(354-430)
   He is a famous Christian saint and was the bishop of Hippo Regius or modern Annaba in eastern Algeria. Saint Augustine was born in Tagaste (modern Souk-Ahras) in eastern Numidia and educated in Madauros and Carthage. He went to Rome in 383, and in 387 he was baptized by Bishop Saint Ambrose of Milan. After his stay in Rome, he returned to Tagaste, where he founded a monastery. There he remained until 391, when he became a priest of Hippo. Eventually, he succeeded Valerius as bishop of Hippo until his death during the siege of the city by the Vandals. He spent much of his time as bishop reconciling the Donatist split from the Christian church. In contrast to the Donatist position, Augustine believed in cooperation with Rome. He championed Catholicism against Manichaeanism and Pelagianism.
   His most famous works are the Confessions and The City of God. Confessions is a narrative of his life and spiritual development. The City of God provides a philosophy of history. He claims that history is paradoxical but providential, leading to the Second Coming of Christ, or the Parousia. He also promoted education, leading to the rise of the Augustinian order of priests. He is venerated in the Catholic Church as a saint, as is his mother, Sainte Monica (322-387), the patroness of wives and mothers.

Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . . 2014.

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  • Augustine — Gerard O’Daly 1 LIFE AND PHILOSOPHICAL READINGS Augustine was born in Thagaste (modern Souk Ahras in Algeria) in Roman North Africa in AD 354. He died as bishop of Hippo (now Annaba, Algeria) in 430. His education followed the standard Roman… …   History of philosophy

  • AUGUSTINE° — (354–430), bishop of Hippo (North Africa) and outstanding church Father of Western Christianity. Born in Tagaste in North Africa to mixed Christian/pagan parentage, Augustine was educated at the University of Carthage, abandoned his faith… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Augustine — or Augustin may refer to:People* Augustine of Hippo (354 430), the Church Father and patron of the Augustinians * Augustine of Canterbury (d. 604), the first Archbishop of Canterbury * D. J. Augustin (b. 1987), American basketball player * Jerry… …   Wikipedia

  • Augustine — steht für: einen weiblichen Vornamen; siehe Augustine (Vorname) einen Hersteller von Gitarrensaiten; siehe Gitarrensaite einen Vulkan in Alaska; siehe Mount St. Augustine eine Insel in Alaska; siehe Augustine Island den früheren Namen der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Augustine — m English form of the Latin name Augustīnus (a derivative of AUGUSTUS (SEE Augustus)). Its most famous bearer is St Augustine of Hippo (354–430), perhaps the greatest of the Fathers of the Christian Church. He formulated the principles followed… …   First names dictionary

  • augustine — ● augustine nom féminin Moniale ou religieuse dont la congrégation se réfère à la conception de la vie religieuse de saint Augustin. (On compte une cinquantaine de congrégations d augustines : la plupart sont hospitalières.) ● augustin, augustine …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Augustine — Au*gus tine, Augustinian Au gus*tin i*an, n. (Eccl.) A member of one of the religious orders called after St. Augustine; an Austin friar. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Augustine — (adj.) c.1400 in reference to members of the religious order named for St. Augustine the Great (354 430), bishop of Hippo …   Etymology dictionary

  • Augustine — Augustine, baumwollenes od. seidenes, 7/8 Elle breites Zeug, bei Rouen verfertigt …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Augustine — of Hippo, St …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Augustine's — Augustine of Hippo, St …   Philosophy dictionary

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