Zirids

(973-1148)
   The Zirid dynasty ruled present-day Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya from 973 until 1148. They belong to the Talkata tribe, a sedentary Sanhaja group. In the contest for power in the Maghrib between the Umayyad of al-Andalus and the Fatimids, they were Fatimid supporters, while their enemies, the Maghrawa of the Zanata confederation, took the side of the Umayyad. When the Fatimids left the Maghrib, they appointed Bulluggin Ibn Ziri as their viceroy. After his death in 984, civil strife ensued, resulting in the partition of the Zirid dynasty into two distinct provinces, one ruled by Hammad Ibn Bulluggin in the central Maghrib and the other one in Ifriqya, or present-day Tunisia, as well as Tripolitania.
   Prior to civil war, they maintained ambiguous relations with their previous masters, the Fatimids who left to Egypt. After it, they distanced themselves from the Fatimids. In contrast to their Shiite overlords, the Sunni Zirids cultivated the Maliki religious doctrine and practices. Emir al-Mu`izz renounced obedience to his Fatimid sovereigns by assuming secular authority and recognizing the spiritual leadership of the Abbasid caliph, further suspending the dynasty's links to the Fatimids in 1045. At the same time, by the middle of the 11th century, deteriorating economic conditions precipitated the final Fatimid-Zirid split. Caravan routes were also shifting toward a terminus in Egypt of the Fatimids and toward the western Maghrib, where the Almoravids were establishing new trade centers. As a consequence, the Zirid traditional commercial hub of Qayrawan experienced serious economic crises that had an impact on the region. Al-Mu`izz became convinced that only a break with Egypt, ending Ifriqya's status of vassal of the Fatimids, would enable him to restore a measure of stability in his province.
   In response to Al-Mu`izz's posturing, the Fatimids sent groups of Arab nomadic tribes, the Banu Hilal. The Zirids first did not understand the potential threat of this invasion. Rather than pushing them back, they used the tribes to police rural areas. After several attempts at dealing with this threat, in 1049, al-Mu`izz was beaten and withdrew to al-Mahdiya, leaving the city of Qayrawan defenseless to be plundered. In 1159, what remained of the Zirid dynasty was incorporated in the Almohad Empire. A significant consequence of the Arab migrations was the implantation of a substantial Arab population in North Africa, leading to a process of Arabization that intensified with the subsequent arrival of similar Arab nomadic groups, the Banu Sulaym and Ma`qil.

Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ZIRIDS — (Ar. Banu Ziri), berber dynasty which ruled Ifriqiya (Northeastern Africa, mainly tunisia of today ) from the late tenth century until approximately 1167. A branch of this family extended Berber rule into spain in the 11th century and established …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • THE ZIRIDS — • (SABRA MANSURIYYA, • NEAR QAYRAWAN, 973 1148) • Abul Futuh Sayf ad Dawla Buluggin ibn Ziri 973 983 • Abul Fat h al Mansur ibn Buluggin 983 995 • Abu Qatada Nasir ad Dawla Badis ibn Mansur 995 1015 • Sharaf ad Dawla al Muizz ibn Badis 1015 1062… …   Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)

  • Zirid — The Zirids ( ar. زيريون) were a Berber dynasty, originating in Petite Kabylie among the Kutama tribe, that ruled Ifriqiya (in modern day Eastern Algeria and Tunisia), initially on behalf of the Fatimids, for about two centuries, until weakened by …   Wikipedia

  • History of medieval Tunisia — The present day Republic of Tunisia, al Jumhuriyyah at Tunisiyyah , has over ten million citizens, almost all of Arab Berber descent. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north and east, Libya to the southeast, and Algeria to the west. Tunis is the… …   Wikipedia

  • Zīrid Dynasty — ▪ Muslim dynasty also called  Banū Zīrī        Muslim dynasty of Ṣanhājah Berbers whose various branches ruled in Ifrīqīyah (Tunisia and eastern Algeria) and Granada (972–1152). Rising to prominence in the mountains of Kabylie, Algeria, where… …   Universalium

  • Medieval Muslim Algeria — Part of a series on the History of Algeria …   Wikipedia

  • North Africa — North African. the northern part of Africa, esp. the region north of the tropical rain forest and comprised of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and that part of Egypt west of the Gulf of Suez. * * * Introduction       region of Africa comprising …   Universalium

  • Kairouan — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Kairouan State Party = TUN Type = Cultural Criteria = i, ii, iii, v, vi ID = 499 Region = Arab States Year = 1988 Session = 12th Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/499Kairouan (Arabic القيروان) (also known as… …   Wikipedia

  • Badis ibn Mansur — ( ar. باديس بن منصور) (died 1016) was the third ruler of the Zirids in Ifriqiya (995 1016).Badis ibn Mansur succeeded his father Al Mansur ibn Buluggin (984 995) as viceroy of Ifriqiya. He stayed very close to his overlords, the Fatimids of… …   Wikipedia

  • Algeria — Algérie redirects here. For the French WWII heavy cruiser, see French cruiser Algérie. Coordinates: 29°34′24″N 2°22′23″E / 29.5734571°N 2.3730469°E / …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.