Yusuf ibn Tashafin

   He was the first Almoravid ruler from 1061 to 1106. He was the cousin of the two Lamtuna (Sanhaja) leaders Ibn `Umar and Abu Bakr Ibn `Umar, who together with the theologian `Abd Allah Ibn Yasin founded the religious movement that took the Almoravids to power. He was entrusted with the military command of the conquered areas of southern Morocco, and he directed his efforts to the consolidation of power in his possessions. He laid down the basis of public administration, organized the tribesmen, and built up a coherent military force. He also transferred the seat of his government from Aghmat in the Middle Atlas to a fortified village that was to become the city of Marrakech (1061). Afterward, he systematically set on the expansion of his domain over northern Morocco, Algeria, and al-Andalus. Ibn Tashafin's statesmanship and religious conviction were essential to his efforts to forge Morocco out of various and hostile tribal emirates. He also achieved the unification of al-Andalus, divided into numerous city-states of the Party Kings and embodied into his empire. Although he undoubtedly was one of the most charismatic and powerful rulers of his time, he never ceased to recognize the spiritual guidance of the Abbasid caliphs in Baghdad.

Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Yusuf ibn Tashfin — or Tashafin (reigned c. 1061 1106) ( ar. يوسف بن تاشفين or يوسف بن تشفين) was an ethnic Berber and Al Murabitoon ruler in North Africa and Al Andalus (Moorish Iberia).uccession to powerYusuf ibn Tashfin emerged from a line of military rulers. Abu …   Wikipedia

  • Maknassa —    One of the large historic Zanata dynasties that in pre Islamic times migrated from present day Libya and Tunisia into Algeria with Tahart as a center. Many of its members then moved on into eastern and central Morocco, gradually expanding in… …   Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)

  • `Abd Al-Wadids — (1236 1550)    They are also known as Banu Zayyan and Banu Abd Al Wad or the Zayyanids, a Berber dynasty in Tlemcen with a territory covering approximately western Algeria and at the peak of its greatest expansion reaching as far as Algiers. The… …   Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.