Timbuktu

   A city of 32,000 located in northern Mali. The city is the chef-lieu of a cercle and region of the same name. The total area of the region is 496,611 square kilometers, and it has a population of 495,132. It was founded in the 11th century as a seasonal camp for Tuareg nomads. During the rainy season, the Tuaregs roam the desert up to Ariwan in search of grazing lands for their animals. During the dry season, however, they return to the Niger River, where herds grazed on a grass called "burgu." According to legend, on the onset of the rainy season, the Tuareg will leave their goods with an old Tuareg women named Tin Abutut who stayed at the well. In the Tuareg language, tin abutut means "the lady with the big navel." With the passage of time, the name Tin Abutut became Timbuktu. Another legend tells that the place was entrusted to a Tuareg woman called Buctoo. The name "Timbuktu" comes from the Tuareg term tim, meaning "that belong to," and the name "Buctoo."
   From the 11th century on, Timbuktu became a trans-Saharan caravan entrepôt where goods from West Africa and North Africa were traded. Goods coming from the Mediterranean shores and salt were traded in Timbuktu for gold. The prosperity of the city attracted scholars, merchants, and traders from North Africa. Salt, books, and gold were very much in demand at that time. Salt came from the Taghaza mines in the north, gold came from the immense gold mines of the Boure and Banbuk, and books were products of native scholars and scholars of the Berber Sanhaja. The Tuareg captured the salt mine of Taghaza and thus took control of the salt trade. The Tuareg exported the salt to Timbuktu via camel caravans. In 1893, with the colonization of West Africa by France, Timbuktu was brought under French rule until Mali received its independence in 1960.
   Today, most of the population consists of Songhay agriculturalists and Tuareg nomads. The Taoudeni salt mines are located in the north of the region, where salt is still mined. Although salt from Taoudeni still comes through Timbuktu on camels (as it has for centuries), the town is no longer a major trading center and has not experienced much development in recent times. Timbuktu is still a modest center of Islamic learning and houses one of the oldest medieval Islamic libraries.

Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Timbuktu — Основная информация Полное имя …   Википедия

  • Timbuktu — (Tinbuktu, Tombuktu, Tumbutu, »Bauchhöhle«), altberühmte, jetzt französische Handelsstadt am Südrande der Sahara, unter 16°43 nördl. Br. und 2°57 westl. L., 240 m ü. M., in unfruchtbarer Umgebung, 15 km nördlich vom Niger, hat 5–6 km Umfang, 1000 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Timbuktu — (Tombuktu), altberühmte Handelsstadt in Franz. Sudan (Obersenegal und Niger), 16 km nördl. vom Niger [Karte: Afrika I, 10], (1898) etwa 5000 seßhafte E. (Marokkaner, Tuareg, Fulbe), zur Zeit des Handelsverkehrs (jährl. 400 Karawanen) noch etwa… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Timbuktu — Timbuktu, Tombuktu, Stadt am Südrande der Sahara, 2 M. vom Niger, an welchem ihr Hafenplatz Kabra liegt, hat 20000 E., Neger und Mauren, ist der Centralplatz des Verkehrs des Sudan mit Senegambien u. Marokko. Es wurde 1213 von Mansa Suleyman, dem …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Timbuktu — ligger i staten Malig og bliver officielt stavet Tombouctou …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Timbuktu — → Tombuctú …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • Timbuktu — city on the southern edge of the Sahara desert, older spelling Timbuctoo, used allusively in English for most distant place imaginable from at least 1863 …   Etymology dictionary

  • Timbuktu — [tim΄buk to͞o′] another name for TOMBOUCTOU …   English World dictionary

  • Timbuktu — Tombouctou Timbuktu …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Timbuktu — Infobox Settlement name =PAGENAME official name = other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = total type = motto = translit lang1= translit lang1 type=Koyra Chiini: translit lang1 info=Tumbutu translit lang1 info1=Tombouctou imagesize …   Wikipedia

  • Timbuktu — /tim buk tooh , tim buk tooh/, n. 1. a town in central Mali, W Africa, near the Niger River. 19,500. French, Tombouctou. 2. any faraway place. * * * French Tombouctou Town (pop., 1998: 32,000), Mali, on the southern edge of the Sahara near the… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.