Tijaniya

   Popular Muslim religious order in Niger and Senegal. It almost replaced the Qadiriya, previously dominant in the region. It was founded by Ahmed al-Tijani in `in Madi, in the region of Laghouat in Algeria in 1782. Because of Turkish military efforts to subjugate the region, Ahmed al-Tijani left `in Madi and settled in Fès in 1788. Although he followed various tariqa (Darqawiyya, Nasiriyya, and Wazzaniyya) and because he was not a sharif, he claimed inspiration from the Prophet and so did not subscribe to the prevalent Jazuliyya/ Shadliyyah traditions in Morocco. In the following centuries, the Tijaniya spread its influence into sub-Saharan Africa. In the context of colonial resistance, the order managed to support the French colonial schemes in the region. The order has three main zawiyas-`in Madi, Fez, and Tamasin-with its leader in `In Madi holding the title of khalifa.

Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . . 2014.

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  • Tijaniya — Tidjane Un tidjane (ou tidiane) est un membre de la confrérie de la Tidjaniyya (Tijâniyya) fondée au XVIIIe siècle. Elle est surtout implantée au Sénégal, mais aussi au Ghana, au Nigeria, au Niger, en Mauritanie et au Tchad. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ahmad al-Tijani — Mawlana Ahmed ibn Mohammed Tijani al Hassani al Maghribi (1737 1815), in Arabic سيدي أحمد التجاني (Sidi Ahmed Tijani) is the founder of the Ahmediya Mohammediya Ibrahimiya Hanifiya Tijaniya Sūfī order at the daylight order of his grandfather the… …   Wikipedia

  • Tidschaniyya — Tidschani (arabisch ‏الطريقة التجانية‎, DMG al Ṭarīqa al Tiǧānīya, auch Tidschaniyya oder wie im Englischen Tijaniyya; türkisch: Ticaniye) ist ein Sufi Orden (Tariqa) innerhalb des sunnitischen Islam. Die Verbreitungsgebiete verschiedener Zweige… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tijani — Tidschani (arabisch ‏الطريقة التجانية‎, DMG al Ṭarīqa al Tiǧānīya, auch Tidschaniyya oder wie im Englischen Tijaniyya; türkisch: Ticaniye) ist ein Sufi Orden (Tariqa) innerhalb des sunnitischen Islam. Die Verbreitungsgebiete verschiedener Zweige… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tijaniyya — Tidschani (arabisch ‏الطريقة التجانية‎, DMG al Ṭarīqa al Tiǧānīya, auch Tidschaniyya oder wie im Englischen Tijaniyya; türkisch: Ticaniye) ist ein Sufi Orden (Tariqa) innerhalb des sunnitischen Islam. Die Verbreitungsgebiete verschiedener Zweige… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Niger — For other uses, see Niger (disambiguation). Republic of Niger République du Niger (French) Jamhuriyar Nijar …   Wikipedia

  • Tijaniyyah — Tidiane redirects here. For the masculine given name, see Tidiane (given name). Tidjane redirects here. For the chief executive at Prudential plc, see Tidjane Thiam. Tijani redirects here. For other uses, see Tijani (disambiguation). The… …   Wikipedia

  • Islam in Niger — 90% of the Nigerien population approximately 11.3 million people are followers of Islam, with a majority of those being linked to the Tijaniya Sufi brotherhoods. Islam came to Niger by way of the Muslim empires of Songhai, Mali, Gao, Kanem, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Abubakar Gumi — Infobox Person name = Abubakar Gumi image size = caption = birth date = November 1922 birth place = Gummi death date = 1992 death place = education = School of Arabic Studies occupation = Preacher spouse = Late Maryamu parents = children = Sheik… …   Wikipedia

  • Tidschani — (arabisch ‏الطريقة التجانية‎, DMG aṭ Ṭarīqa at Tiǧānīya, auch Tidschaniyya, englische Schreibweise Tijaniyya, türkisch: Ticaniye) ist ein Sufi Orden (Tariqa) innerhalb des sunnitischen Islam. Die Verbreitungsgebiete verschiedener Zweige des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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