- The city-state of Tahart was founded by `Abd al-Rahman Ibn Rustum, an imam of the Ibadithe sect and one of the most moderate branches of the heterodox Kharijite doctrine. From 776 to 908, the Rustumid reigned over Tahart. Welcomed by the Ibadithe communities of western Algeria, mainly Berbers of the Zanata group, Ibn Rustum rebuilt the old settlement of Tahart (near present-day Tiaret), about 225 kilometers southwest of Algiers. For over 130 years, Tahart remained the religious and intellectual focus of Kharijism in the western regions of North Africa. Tahart meant more than the spiritual leadership of a sect and of theological speculation. Tahart was also a market with a regional significance. Located in the midst of a fertile agricultural zone at the crossroads of several caravan roads, it developed a flourishing trade in the hands of a mixed population: Berbers from all over North Africa between Tripolitania and the Atlantic coast of Morocco, Arabs from every part of the east, Sunni as well as followers of various Shiite shades, and also some Christians who refused conversion to Islam.The city was destroyed under the assault of the Kutama mountain tribes led by Abu `Abd Allah al-Shi`i, the founder of the Fatimid dynasty. Consequently, a number of the inhabitants emigrated and joined the Ibadithe settlement in Sadrata near Ouargala, trying to bring Tahart back to new life there, but Sadrata, too, was conquered by the Hammadids toward the end of the 11th century. After many failed attempts, most of the people sought refuge in the desolate, stony highland of Shabka, where the Ibadithe community has survived in the Oued Mzab down to this day, known as Mozabites.
Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . Hsain Ilahiane. 2014.
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THE RUSTUMIDS — • (TAHART, 776 908) • Abd al Rahman Ibn Rustum 776 784 • Abd al Wahhab Ibn Abd al Rahman 784 823 • Abu Said al Aflah Ibn Abd al Wahhab 823 871 (868?) • Abu Bakr Ibn al Aflah 871 (868?) • Abu al Yaqzan Muhammad Ibn al Aflah 871 (868?) 894 • Abu… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
North Africa — North African. the northern part of Africa, esp. the region north of the tropical rain forest and comprised of Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and that part of Egypt west of the Gulf of Suez. * * * Introduction region of Africa comprising … Universalium
Chronology — ♦ 7000 5000 B.C. Capsian civilization; emergence of proto Mediterranean peoples, ancestors of the Berbers. ♦ 6000 2000 B.C. Neolithic period in the Maghreb and the Sahara. ♦ 3300 B.C. Egyptian archeological records refer to a battle between the… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
Tiaret — ▪ Algeria also called (after 1981) Tihert , formerly Tagdempt city, northern Algeria. It lies at the southern end of Ouarsenis Massif (in the Tell Atlas) on the slopes of Mount Guezoul (4,510 feet [1,375 metres]) at the edge of the High… … Universalium
AFRIQUE - Des origines à 1945 — L’histoire du continent tout entier apparaît comme une entreprise récente et difficile. Pendant longtemps, seules l’égyptologie, l’islamologie et l’histoire coloniale l’ont, chacune de son point de vue, abordée; il faut noter du reste que les… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Introduction — Although the Berbers form sizable populations in North Africa and the Sahel, they have been reduced to a minority within their respective home states. Berbers are the ancient inhabitants of North Africa, but rarely have they formed an actual… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
Kharijism — A Muslim sect popular among Berbers in the first centuries of the Arab conquest of North Africa. It is a religious movement rooted in the conflict between Ali Ibn Talib (the fourth caliph) and Mu awiyya when, based on a dispute over succession … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
Maknassa — One of the large historic Zanata dynasties that in pre Islamic times migrated from present day Libya and Tunisia into Algeria with Tahart as a center. Many of its members then moved on into eastern and central Morocco, gradually expanding in… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
Mozabites — They are known as Banu Mzab or simply Mzab, a Berber community of the heterodox Ibadithe sect, the survivors of the once flourishing Rustimid imamate of Tahart or the city republic of Sadrata, which succeeded it. Tahart is located near the… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
IBĀḌĪS — The Ibāḍiyya is a moderate branch of the Khārijī sect, that broke with mainstream Islam in 657 on the question of who was entitled to the caliphate. From their first center in basra , missionaries were sent to propagate the Ibāḍī teaching. As a… … Encyclopedia of Judaism