- This is the name of one of the great historic Berber family of tribes. As early as the third century, some of their branches, such as the Hawwara, Lawata, Lamtuna, Massufa, and Guddala, seem to have migrated and slowly penetrated into the Sahara Desert. Gradually, the Sanhaja advanced into Mauritania and spread further into Sudan and the region of the Niger. Converted to Islam, they carried their belief systems among the peoples under their rule.In Mauritania, the Massufa and the Lamtuna united with other small groups all belonging to the so-called Mulaththamun, or veil wearers, setting up a tribal kingdom that from the first quarter of the ninth century until the start of the 10th constituted a stabilizing force in the desert society, controlling and policing the caravan trade to the Atlantic and Mediterranean ports. Soon afterward, these efforts led to the rise of the Almohad Empire amidst the Sanhaja tribes of Guddala and Lamtuna. Other groups, such as the Jazula, Lamta, and Haskura, while remaining nomads or in early stages of transition to a semisedentary mode of life, migrated into the plains of the Moroccan coasts of the Sous region. Others moved northeastward onto the slopes of the Middle Atlas and the Rif. Still others occupied the oases around Sijilmassa, later turned eastward and spread over the present-day Algerian region of Constantine, where in the 10th century the Kutama tribe became a pillar of the rising of the Fatimid dynasty. The name of the Kutama disappeared, but their descendants, the Kabyles, constitute an active element in the intellectual and political life of modern Algeria. From the Algerian Sanhaja emerged the Zirid dynasty, which reigned from the end of the 10th century until the middle of the 12th. Of Sanhaja blood, too, was a second dynasty in northern Algeria and Tunisia, the Hammadids.
Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . Hsain Ilahiane. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sanhaja — The Sanhaja (also commonly spelled Sanhadja ) were one of the largest Berber tribal confederations of the Maghreb, along with the Zanata and Masmuda.HistoryThe tribes of the Sanhaja settled at first in the northern Sahara. After the arrival of… … Wikipedia
Sanhaja — Los Sandhadja o Sanhaja o, mejor, Sanhaya también conocidos en castellano como zeneguíes fueron un conjunto de tribus bereberes, aliadas en una confederación en la zona del Magreb con los Zanata y Masmuda; de la palabra Sanaga que daba nombre al… … Wikipedia Español
Sanhaja — Die Sanhadscha (arabisch صنهاجة, DMG Ṣanhāǧa, manchmal auch Ṣinhāǧa) waren neben den Zanāta und Masmuda eine der großen Stammesgruppen der Berber im Maghreb. Geschichte Die Stämme der Sanhadscha siedelten zunächst in der nördlichen Sahara. Nach … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ksar Sanhaja — Ksar el Kébir Ksar el Kébir القصر الكبير, Alcazarquivir, Alcácer Quibir El Ksar el Kébir … Wikipédia en Français
Bund von Sanhaja — Der Bund von Sahadja war ein wirtschaftlicher Zusammenschluss mehrerer Berberstämme Westafrikas um die erste Jahrtausendwende. Eine der im 8. Jahrhundert in Mauretanien angekommenen berberischen Gruppen war Lamtuna . Im 9. Jahrhundert hatten die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Almoravid dynasty — ⵉⵎⵕⴰⴱⴷⵏ/المرابطون Al Murābiṭūn ← … Wikipedia
Rif — The Arabic term rif is a geographical notion that refers to the northern zone of Morocco formerly under Spanish and international control. It is an area of about 20,000 square kilometers, stretching in width from the Strait of Gibraltar to… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
History of ancient Tunisia — The present day Republic of Tunisia, al Jumhuriyyah at Tunisiyyah , has over ten million citizens, almost all of Arab Berber descent. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north and east, Libya to the southeast, and Algeria to the west. Tunis is the… … Wikipedia
History of medieval Tunisia — The present day Republic of Tunisia, al Jumhuriyyah at Tunisiyyah , has over ten million citizens, almost all of Arab Berber descent. The Mediterranean Sea is to the north and east, Libya to the southeast, and Algeria to the west. Tunis is the… … Wikipedia
History of Western Sahara — Part of a series on the History of Western Sahara … Wikipedia