- (singular Ened)They form an endogamous blacksmith/artisan group found in all Tuareg groups. The term ened refers to jeweler, blacksmith, engraver, and woodworker and at the same time healer, singer, musician, and general consultant on matters concerning belief practices and ceremonial rituals. While they are admired for their skills and expertise, they are looked down on because of their uncertain and obscure origin and skin color. The development of tourism and its demand for traditional jewelry, however, has provided a far more lucrative niche than among the impoverished Tuareg nomads.
Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . Hsain Ilahiane. 2014.