Ibn Khaldun `Abd al-Rahman
- (1332-1406)One of the most brilliant social thinkers ever produced in the Maghrib and also undoubtedly one of the most famous figures from the Marinid period. His theories about society and political development have been of great value to contemporary concepts of philosophy of history and sociology. The complete title of Ibn Khaldun's monumental work is Kitab al-`Ibar wa Diwan al-Mubtada'wa l-Kahbar fi Ayyam al-`Arab wa l`Ajam wa l-Barbar wa man Asharahum min Dhawi al-Sultan (Book of Advice and First Council and Information about the Days of the Arabs, the Non-Arabs, and the Berbers and Their Relations with the Greatest Sultans). The prolegomena to this work, al-muqaddimah, provides a theoretical explanation for the historical rise and fall of empires that has been the primary reason for Ibn Khaldun's fame in the contemporary era.Considered to be the historian of the Berbers, Ibn Khaldun, in his History of the Berbers (translated into French by W. Mac. Guckin De Slane, "Histoire des Berbères," Alger, 1852-1856), stores a very comprehensive knowledge of Berber history and appears sympathetic to their aspirations. He divided Berbers into two great branches: al-Baranis (sedentary from the plural of Bernous) and Madghis al-Abtar or al-Botr (nomadic). Furthermore, he distinguished three major groups among the Berbers-Masmuda, Sanhaja, and Zanata-and ascribed to each a separate genealogy leading to a common ancestor. Although this dichotomy of Berber history, al-Baranis and al-Botr, is linked to Ibn Khaldun's rural-urban dichotomy, it is less valuable and has probably caused much confusion in Berber scholarship. His simplified classification, based in part on classic ideas, appears to be misguided in stating that Berbers were relatively new settlers from the east, specifically the Goliath folktale of migration to the Maghrib after his defeat. From a modern anthropological perspective, not only is this folk history discredited, but so also is the notion that ethnic groups in a region such as the Maghrib can be neatly classified into sedentary or nomadic. Human adaptation in the Maghrib is far too complex for such a simple and static dichotomy to explain.
Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . Hsain Ilahiane. 2014.
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Ibn Khaldun, ‘Abd al-Rahman — (732–808/1332–1406) Ibn Khaldun is something of a sui generis figure in the Islamic philosophical tradition. An enormously original and important thinker who stands out even more strikingly because of the age of intellectual decline in which… … Islamic philosophy dictionary
Ibn Khaldun, Abd al-Rahman — (1336–1406) The Islamic historian is remembered in philosophy principally for a simple version of the cyclical view of history (see eternal recurrence ). He believed that in a period of about 120 years a people would pass through the cycle of… … Philosophy dictionary
IBN KHALDUN — En ce XIVe siècle (VIIIe de l’hégire), les rivalités dynastiques déchirent le Maghreb. La Reconquista chrétienne entreprend de mettre un terme au destin d’al Andalus presque réduit à la gloire de Grenade. L’Orient arabe subit la terrible invasion … Encyclopédie Universelle
Ibn Khaldun — Ibn Chaldun (arabisch ابن خلدون Ibn Chaldūn, mit vollem Namen ولي الدين عبد الرحمن ابن محمد بن محمد بن أبي بكر محمد بن الحسن Walī ad Dīn ʿAbd ar Raḥmān ibn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad ibn Abī Bakr Muḥammad ibn al Ḥasan; * 27. Mai 1332 in Tunis; †… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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ibn Khaldun — /ib euhn khahl doohn /, n. Abd al Rahman /ahb dahl rddah mahn/, 1332 1406, Arab historian and philosopher. * * * orig. Abū Zayd ʽAbd al Raḥmān ibn Khaldūn born May 27, 1332, Tunis, Tun. died March 17, 1406, Cairo, Egypt Noted Arab historian. He… … Universalium
Ibn Khaldun — Infobox Philosopher region = Muslim scholar era = Medieval era color = #B0C4DE image caption = name = Ibn Khaldun birth = 27 May, 1332 AD / 732 AH death = 19 March 1406 AD / 808 AH school tradition = Maliki madhab, Islamic economic jurisprudence… … Wikipedia
Ibn Khaldūn — (1332–1406) Islam’s most admired historian, ‘Abd ar Rahmān Abū Zayd ibn Muhammad ibn Muhammad ibn Khaldūn generally known simply as Ibn Khaldūn is chiefly remembered as the author of the MUQADDIMAH (literally, “Introduction,” namely to a work… … Encyclopedia of medieval literature
'Abd Ur Rahmân Al Awzâ'î — Al Awzâ î Nom de naissance Abd Ur Rahmân Al Awzâ î Surnom Abû Amr Naissance 707 Baalbek Décès 774 Beyrouth Nationalité syrienne Pays de résidence Syrie, Liban … Wikipédia en Français
ibn Khaldun — /ib euhn khahl doohn /, n. Abd al Rahman /ahb dahl rddah mahn/, 1332 1406, Arab historian and philosopher … Useful english dictionary