- See Izeggaghen.
Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . Hsain Ilahiane. 2014.
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haratine — ● haratine nom masculin (arabe harātīn) Esclave affranchi chez les Maures … Encyclopédie Universelle
Messaoud Ould Boulkheir — (Arabic: مسعود ولد بو الخير,born 1943, Fara El Kitane Arabic: فرع الكتان) is among the first Haratine to become a political leader in Mauritania. Messaoud also contributed significantly to the end of the 1989 events in Mauritania, protecting… … Wikipedia
Izeggaghen — (singular Azeggagh) Tuareg term that refers to dark skinned agriculturalist known to Arabs as Haratine (singular Hartani). In late nineteenth century, Haratine migrated from the Tidikelt oases and settled around the water points in the major… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
Slavery in the 21st Century — ▪ 2001 Introduction by Charles A. Jacobs In the midst of the worldwide economic boom, reports documenting modern day slavery come from every corner of the globe. From Bangladesh to Brazil, from India to The Sudan, and even in the U.S., there are… … Universalium
HISTORY bibliography — General ■ Abun Nasr, Jamil M. History of the Maghrib. 2nd rev. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975. ■ Ajayi, J. F. A, and Michael Crowder. History of West Africa. 2 vols. London: Longman Group, 1971, 1974. ■ Akkache, A. Tacfarinas.… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
Haratin — (also transliterated Haratins, Harratins or Haratine, etc, singular Hartani) is a name for black oasis dwellers in north western Africa. It is an exonym (a name not used by that people themselves) with negative connotatians. The word has an… … Wikipedia
Haratins — Les Haratins (ou Haratines ; singul. hartani) sont les habitants noirs des oasis du nord ouest de l Afrique. C est un exonyme, qui contient des connotations négatives. Il est utilisé dans le sud du Maroc, au Sahara occidental, en Mauritanie … Wikipédia en Français
Tafilalet — Tafilalet designates the geographical and cultural area of southeastern Morocco until independence. After that, the area was named Ksar Es Souk Province, which changed later into the present Errachidia Province. Its history was tied to the… … Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)
Politics of Mauritania — Mauritania This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Mauritania Constitution P … Wikipedia
Maghreb — This article is about the region. For the Muslim prayer, see Maghrib. For other uses, see Maghrib (disambiguation). The Maghreb Union Countries The Maghreb (also Maghrib; Arabic مغرب) is the region … Wikipedia