Fezzan-Bornu Route
   One of the oldest trans-Saharan caravan routes that ran from Tripolitania through the Fezzan to Lake Chad. For centuries, it had retained its primacy, and as late as the 1820s, it was the one preferred by the Oudney-Clapperton-Denham expedition. But in the following decades, it became increasingly unsafe for caravans because of Toubou and Tuareg bandits, with the result that by the middle of the century it had been eclipsed by the more westerly route that ran through Ghadames, Ghat, and Zinder to Kano.

Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . . 2014.

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