- This term refers to a traditional pact of protection between tribes or two individuals, one of whom is a stranger to the tribe. For a sum of money (toll fee), tribesmen agreed to escort and to secure the safe passage of strangers, travelers, and itinerant merchants through the territory of the clan. Many tribes who lived along major trade routes, such the Aït Atta and Aït Youssi, derived a substantial income from this practice (amur n'tazttat).
Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . Hsain Ilahiane. 2014.