- Tuareg word meaning "to set aside a share or special portion." It refers to the tribute given to the Ihaggaren nobility (camel breeders) by the Kel Ulli (goat breeders) for their protection. It is the primary means by which the Ihaggaren gained control over access to goat products to meet their subsistence needs. This institution was the means whereby the diverse economic activities of the two groups were integrated within a pastoral-nomadism and raiding economy.
Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . Hsain Ilahiane. 2014.