- Mouvement Populaire Démocratique et Constitutionel
- (MPDC)This political party is an offshoot of the Mouvement Populaire established in February 1967 by Doctor `Abd al-Karim Khatib after he was ousted from the Mouvement Populaire on 4 November 1966. Its secretary-general, Doctor Khatib, was one of the leading founders of the Mouvement Populaire. The MPDC won no seats in 1993. In 1992, Doctor Khatib joined forces with the Attawhid wa al-Islah association and founded the progovernment Islamist party, Parti de la Justice et Développement (PJD). In the 2002 national elections, the PJD won 42 seats.
Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . Hsain Ilahiane. 2014.