Moha Ou Hammou Zayani
   He was a member of the Aït Harkat tribe of the Zayan confederation. In 1877, he became the caid of the Zayan confederation, and he ruled from his citadel in the city of Khenifra, which is located on the banks of the Oum Errabi' River. To supplement his pastoral and agricultural activities, the location of his citadel allowed him to collect right of passage taxes on transhumant nomads as well as on traders.
   Moha Ou Hammou was the leader of resistance in the Middle Atlas Mountains during the establishment of the French Protectorate in Morocco in 1912 and before. During the reign of Sultan Moulay Yusuf (1912-1927), which overlapped with the arrival of Louis-Hubert Lyautey's protectorate projects, resistance activity against French occupation intensified. Having allied himself with the sultan for several years, he was able to acquire firearms, and this allowed him to mobilize Zayan men and call for a jihad against the French presence. In 1914, when French troops occupied the fief of Moha Ou Hammou and controlled his capital, Khenifra, he and his followers retreated to the surrounding hills to prepare their revenge. On 13 November, they came down from the hills, set up camp in the village of Elhri (about 15 kilometers south of Khenifra), and launched a devastating attack on the French. The French lost 23 officers, 580 soldiers, 8 cannons, and 10 machine guns. This attack is referred to as the Battle of Elhri and still remains a cause célèbre of Zayan social history. However, this victory was short lived, as the French regrouped and returned in full force to pursue Moha Ou Hammou in the rugged terrain of the Middle Atlas Mountains. The search went on for six years until 1920 when he was killed with arms in his hands.
   See also `Assou Ou Baslam; Khattabi Al-, Abdelkarim.

Historical Dictionary of the Berbers (Imazighen) . . 2014.

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  • Moha Ou Hammou Zayani — Mouha ou Hammou Zayani Mouha Ou Hammou Zayani, chef du contingent des Zayanes, était un chef militaire, vainqueur des légionnaires de Charles Mangin. Il se distingua dans la célèbre bataille d Elhri le 13 novembre 1914, nommée par certains… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Moha ou Hammou Zayani — Mouha ou Hammou Zayani Mouha Ou Hammou Zayani, chef du contingent des Zayanes, était un chef militaire, vainqueur des légionnaires de Charles Mangin. Il se distingua dans la célèbre bataille d Elhri le 13 novembre 1914, nommée par certains… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mouha ou Hammou Zayani — Mouha Hammou Zayani Moha Ou Hammou Zayani Naissance Khénifra, Moyen Atlas, Maroc Décès 1922 Tamallakt Khénifra, Moyen Atlas, Maroc Origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mouha Ou Hammou Zayani — Mouha Ou Hammou Zayani, chef du contingent des Zayanes, était un chef militaire, vainqueur des légionnaires de Charles Mangin. Il se distingua dans la célèbre bataille d Elhri le 13 novembre 1914, nommée par certains historiens le Dien Bien Phu… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mouha ou hammou zayani — Mouha Ou Hammou Zayani, chef du contingent des Zayanes, était un chef militaire, vainqueur des légionnaires de Charles Mangin. Il se distingua dans la célèbre bataille d Elhri le 13 novembre 1914, nommée par certains historiens le Dien Bien Phu… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mouha ou Hammou Zayani — Pacha Hassan promoted to caid after surrendering to general Poemyrau Mouha Ou Hammou Zayani, by his full name: Mohammed ou Hammou ben Akka ben Ahmed, also known as Amahzoune ben Moussa (1863 – in Khenifra Died 27 March 1921), was made Caïd of the …   Wikipedia

  • `Assou Ou Baslam — (1890 1960)    His full name was Aissa Ou Ali n Aït Baslam. He was born in the village of Taghya at the foot of the Saghro Mountain massif, the heartland of the Aït Atta confederation. His father was the community leader of the Ilamshan clan, the …   Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)

  • HISTORY bibliography — General ■ Abun Nasr, Jamil M. History of the Maghrib. 2nd rev. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975. ■ Ajayi, J. F. A, and Michael Crowder. History of West Africa. 2 vols. London: Longman Group, 1971, 1974. ■ Akkache, A. Tacfarinas.… …   Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)

  • Khattabi Al-, Abdelkarim — (1882 1963)    His full name is Mohammed Ibn Abdelkarim al Khattabi. He was a Moroccan Berber leader and founder of the short lived Republic of the Rif from 1922 to 1926. He was born in the village of Ajdir west of Melilla on the slopes of the… …   Historical dictionary of the berbers (Imazighen)

  • Amalou Ighriben — Āmalū Iġribn, Moha Ou Hammou Zayani Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

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